Entries by Helen Lavigne

How a Down Round Affects a Startup Capitalization Table

By: Sean Valle Some startups occasionally face financial challenges that require the company to sell stock at a lower valuation than the valuation used during a previous stock financing. These fundraising rounds are often referred to as “down rounds.” Besides representing a potential setback in a company’s apparent growth, down rounds can affect a company’s “as-converted” […]



Growing trees is a slow, cumbersome, and expensive effort, but healthy trees are vital. And according to Forest Biotech Group Director Jack Wang, forestry companies around the world can’t grow enough strong trees to keep up with climate change right now. In July 2019, Wang arranged a meeting with fellow NC State faculty member Rodolphe […]

Regulation S – Exemption for Foreign Offerings

By: Benjamin Jacob All securities offered and sold in the United States must either be registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission or qualify for an exemption under the Securities Act of 1933 (the “Securities Act”). While exemptions for “friends and family” rounds and “high net worth individuals” are more well-known, a lesser known exemption is […]


Levee Medical

Each year, approximately 275,000 men in the United States are diagnosed with prostate cancer. One in eight men will be diagnosed at some point in his life. For Levee Medical Founder and CTO Bruce Choi, the statistics are personal. His father was diagnosed with prostate cancer a couple of years ago, and Choi observed the […]

February Update: Clients partner with professional sports leagues, new Fourscore Attorney Maks Ewendt thrives

Welcome to More From Fourscore What new resources do we have for you this month? Take a look at our quick video from Fourscore Founder and Lead Attorney Jesse Jones. Nextiles News Our client Nextiles is rolling out a partnership with KineticPro Performance at the American Baseball Coaches Association Convention. Nextiles was also selected by the NBA for its Launchpad […]

DBA 101

By: Peter D. Singh Jr. What it is: alias, nickname or pseudonym. DBA is an acronym for doing business as. It has a few other names or synonyms: assumed name, assumed business name, trade name, fictitious name, or false name. You may see it with or without dots, slashes, uppercase or lowercase: dba, d.b.a., d/b/a. […]

What to Expect During a Preferred Stock Financing

By: Sean Valle If your startup is gearing up for your first Preferred Stock financing round, you are likely beginning to realize how exciting and daunting the process can be. Here, we provide a general overview of the process. Before we dive into details, it’s worth remembering what motivates investors who will purchase Preferred Stock. […]